The simplest description of comparative law is the comparison between the legal systems across different cultures. This comparison, however, includes the description as well as the analysis of foreign legal systems even without undertaking explicit comparison. There are various legal systems in the world, and they include the Islamic law, Common law, Canon law, Hindu law, Socialist law, Civil law, Jewish law and the Chinese law. Comparative law cannot, however, be termed as a distinct body of law. There are two types of comparative law, micro-comparison; deals with particular institutions or issues, and macro-comparison; which deals with the entire legal system.
Comparative law is not limited just to the comparison of legal systems; it also entails the understanding of other legal systems. In the modern world of globalization, internationalism, and democratization, the importance of comparative law cannot be over emphasized. It has implications on virtually all spheres including healthcare, business, and education, just to mention a few.
One of the leading authorities in comparative law is Sujit Choudhry. The I. Michael Heyman professor and the former dean of Berkeley Law has created a name for himself in comparative law. He is reputed for combining comprehensive research agenda with an excellent field experience in giving advice to constitution building processes in countries such as Egypt, Libya, Nepal, Ukraine, Sri Lanka, South Africa and Tunisia. Check this http://www.law.nyu.edu/news/choudhry_award
Professor Choudhry’s research addresses the fundamental methodological issues in comparative constitutional law. This is how constitutional design can be used as a tool for managing the transition of regimes from violent to peaceful democratic politics. He is more focused on ethnically divided societies and constitutional design in the situation of changes from dictatorial to democratic rules. Click here for his Instagram.com page.
His contribution in the comparative law sector is quite notable; he has published numerous articles, working papers, book chapters and reports. Among his edited collection include Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accommodation, The Oxford Handbook of Indian Constitutional Law, Constitution Making and The Migration of Constitutional Ideas. These publications are available populously on online markets.
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Sujit Choudhry is the founding director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. This an organization that creates and brings together knowledge to support constitutional building. To this end, they assemble and lead an international network of experts with the aim of completing thematic research projects that provide practitioners with evidence-based policy options. This organization partners with a worldwide portfolio of multilateral organizations, NGOs, universities as well as think tanks. Sujit is also a member of the United Nations Meditation Roster and has served as a consultant to the World Bank as well as the United Nations Development Program. Read related articles in his Linkedin.com page